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Urinalysis

Also called: UA, Urine Analysis, Urine Test

Summary

A urinalysis is a test of your urine. It is often done to check for a urinary tract infections, kidney problems, or diabetes. You may also have one during a checkup, if you are admitted to the hospital, before you have surgery, or if you are pregnant. It can also monitor some medical conditions and treatments.

A urinalysis involves checking the urine for

  • Its color
  • Its appearance (whether it is clear or cloudy)
  • Any odor
  • The pH level (acidity)
  • Whether there are substances that are not normally in urine, such as blood, too much protein, glucose, ketones, and bilirubin
  • Whether there are cells, crystals, and casts (tube-shaped proteins)
  • Whether it contains bacteria or other germs

Start Here

  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

Diagnosis and Tests

Specifics

Health Check Tools

  • (DSHI Systems)

Videos and Tutorials

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Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

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  • From the National Institutes of Health

Children

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  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
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  • (Nemours Foundation)

Teenagers

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Patient Handouts

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