URL of this page: http://freefacebookcredits2012.info/traumaticbraininjury.html

Traumatic Brain Injury

Also called: Acquired brain injury, TBI

Summary

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when a bump, blow, jolt, or other head injury causes damage to the brain. Every year, millions of people in the U.S. suffer brain injuries. More than half are bad enough that people must go to the hospital. The worst injuries can lead to permanent brain damage or death. Half of all TBIs are from motor vehicle accidents. Military personnel in combat zones are also at risk.

Symptoms of a TBI may not appear until days or weeks following the injury. A concussion is the mildest type. It can cause a headache or neck pain, nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness, and tiredness. People with a moderate or severe TBI may have those, plus other symptoms:

  • A headache that gets worse or does not go away
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness or numbness in the arms and legs
  • Dilated eye pupils

Health care professionals use a neurological exam and imaging tests to assess TBI. Serious traumatic brain injuries need emergency treatment. Treatment and outcome depend on how severe the injury is. TBI can cause a wide range of changes affecting thinking, sensation, language, or emotions. TBI can be associated with post-traumatic stress disorder. People with severe injuries usually need rehabilitation.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Start Here

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary
  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in

Latest News

Symptoms

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in

Diagnosis and Tests

  • Video (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in
  • (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) - PDF Also in

Prevention and Risk Factors

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Treatments and Therapies

  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

Living With

  • (American Occupational Therapy Association) - PDF

Specifics

  • (Merck & Co., Inc.) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (American Association of Neurological Surgeons) - PDF
  • (Hormone Health Network) - PDF

Health Check Tools

  • (DSHI Systems)

Videos and Tutorials

Statistics and Research

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Find an Expert

  • Also in
  • (American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
  • From the National Institutes of Health Also in

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in

Patient Handouts

here