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Toxoplasmosis

Summary

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. More than 60 million people in the U.S. have the parasite. Most of them don't get sick. But the parasite causes serious problems for some people. These include people with weak immune systems and babies whose mothers become infected for the first time during pregnancy. Problems can include damage to the brain, eyes, and other organs.

You can get toxoplasmosis from

  • Waste from an infected cat
  • Eating contaminated meat that is raw or not well cooked
  • Using utensils or cutting boards after they've had contact with contaminated raw meat
  • Drinking infected water
  • Receiving an infected organ transplant or blood transfusion

Most people with toxoplasmosis don't need treatment. There are drugs to treat it for pregnant women and people with weak immune systems.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Start Here

  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in

Symptoms

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Diagnosis and Tests

  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)

Prevention and Risk Factors

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Treatments and Therapies

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Specifics

  • (American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Find an Expert

  • Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in

Women

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF

Patient Handouts