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Throat Disorders

Also called: Pharyngeal disorders

Summary

Your throat is a tube that carries food to your esophagus and air to your windpipe and larynx. The technical name for your throat is the pharynx.

Throat problems are common. You've probably had a sore throat. The cause is usually a viral infection, but other causes include allergies, infection with strep bacteria or the leaking of stomach acids back up into the esophagus, called GERD.

Other problems that affect the throat include

  • Tonsillitis - inflammation of the tonsils
  • Cancer
  • Croup - inflammation, usually in small children, which causes a barking cough
  • Laryngitis - swelling of the voice box, which can cause a hoarse voice or loss of voice

Most throat problems are minor and go away on their own. Treatments, when needed, depend on the problem.

Start Here

  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in

Symptoms

  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in
  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in

Diagnosis and Tests

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
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Treatments and Therapies

  • (American Cancer Society) Also in

Related Issues

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
  • (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders)
  • (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)

Specifics

  • Croup: FreeFacebookCredits2012 Health Topic From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • (Merck & Co., Inc.) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Find an Expert

  • (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
  • From the National Institutes of Health

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • (American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery)
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
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  • (Nemours Foundation)
  • (American Academy of Pediatrics)

Teenagers

  • (Nemours Foundation)

Patient Handouts

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