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Reye Syndrome

Summary

Reye syndrome is a rare illness that can affect the blood, liver, and brain of someone who has recently had a viral infection. It always follows another illness. Although it mostly affects children and teens, anyone can get it. It can develop quickly and without warning. It is most common during flu season. Symptoms include

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Listlessness
  • Personality change - such as irritability, combativeness or confusion
  • Delirium
  • Convulsions
  • Loss of consciousness

If these symptoms occur soon after a viral illness, seek medical attention immediately. Reye syndrome can lead to a coma and brain death, so quick diagnosis and treatment are critical. Treatment focuses on preventing brain damage. There is no cure.

The cause of Reye syndrome is unknown. Studies have shown that taking aspirin increases the risk of getting it. Because of that, health care professionals now recommend other pain relievers for young patients.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Resources

  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • CSF analysis (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
  • (National Reye's Syndrome Foundation) - PDF
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • Reye syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish
  • (American Liver Foundation)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

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