URL of this page: http://freefacebookcredits2012.info/parkinsonsdisease.html

Parkinson's Disease

Also called: Paralysis agitans, Shaking palsy

Summary

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a type of movement disorder. It happens when nerve cells in the brain don't produce enough of a brain chemical called dopamine. Sometimes it is genetic, but most cases do not seem to run in families. Exposure to chemicals in the environment might play a role.

Symptoms begin gradually, often on one side of the body. Later they affect both sides. They include

  • Trembling of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face
  • Stiffness of the arms, legs and trunk
  • Slowness of movement
  • Poor balance and coordination

As symptoms get worse, people with the disease may have trouble walking, talking, or doing simple tasks. They may also have problems such as depression, sleep problems, or trouble chewing, swallowing, or speaking.

There is no lab test for PD, so it can be difficult to diagnose. Doctors use a medical history and a neurological examination to diagnose it.

PD usually begins around age 60, but it can start earlier. It is more common in men than in women. There is no cure for PD. A variety of medicines sometimes help symptoms dramatically. Surgery and deep brain stimulation (DBS) can help severe cases. With DBS, electrodes are surgically implanted in the brain. They send electrical pulses to stimulate the parts of the brain that control movement.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Start Here

  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)

Symptoms

  • (Parkinson's Foundation)

Diagnosis and Tests

  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (American Academy of Neurology) - PDF

Treatments and Therapies

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (UpToDate)
  • (UpToDate)
  • (American Academy of Neurology) - PDF

Living With

  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation) - PDF

Related Issues

  • (Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation) - PDF
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) - PDF
  • (International Essential Tremor Foundation) - PDF
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Alzheimer's Association)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation) Also in
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)

Specifics

  • (Parkinson's Foundation)

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Human Genome Research Institute)

Videos and Tutorials

Statistics and Research

  • (American Academy of Neurology) - PDF
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
  • (Parkinson's Foundation)
  • (Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research)

Find an Expert

  • (American Academy of Neurology)
  • From the National Institutes of Health Also in

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in

Patient Handouts