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Nausea and Vomiting

Also called: Emesis

Summary

Nausea is an uneasy or unsettled feeling in the stomach together with an urge to vomit. Nausea and vomiting, or throwing up, are not diseases. They can be symptoms of many different conditions. These include morning sickness during pregnancy, infections, migraine headaches, motion sickness, food poisoning, cancer chemotherapy or other medicines.

For vomiting in children and adults, avoid solid foods until vomiting has stopped for at least six hours. Then work back to a normal diet. Drink small amounts of clear liquids to avoid dehydration.

Nausea and vomiting are common. Usually, they are not serious. You should see a doctor immediately if you suspect poisoning or if you have

  • Vomited for longer than 24 hours
  • Blood in the vomit
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Headache and stiff neck
  • Signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth, infrequent urination or dark urine

Start Here

  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

Diagnosis and Tests

  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in

Treatments and Therapies

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  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health)

Living With

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Related Issues

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  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

Specifics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)

Health Check Tools

  • (DSHI Systems)
  • (DSHI Systems)
  • (DSHI Systems)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Find an Expert

  • From the National Institutes of Health

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in
  • (American Academy of Pediatrics) Also in
  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in
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Patient Handouts