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Hernia

Also called: Enterocele

Summary

A hernia happens when part of an internal organ or tissue bulges through a weak area of muscle. Most hernias are in the abdomen.

There are several types of hernias, including

  • Inguinal, in the groin. This is the the most common type.
  • Umbilical, around the belly button
  • Incisional, through a scar
  • Hiatal, a small opening in the diaphragm that allows the upper part of the stomach to move up into the chest.
  • Congenital diaphragmatic, a birth defect that needs surgery

Hernias are common. They can affect men, women, and children. A combination of muscle weakness and straining, such as with heavy lifting, might contribute. Some people are born with weak abdominal muscles and may be more likely to get a hernia.

Treatment is usually surgery to repair the opening in the muscle wall. Untreated hernias can cause pain and health problems.

Start Here

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) Also in
  • (Nemours Foundation)

Treatments and Therapies

  • (Food and Drug Administration)
  • (Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons) Also in
  • (Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons)

Related Issues

  • (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • (American Osteopathic Association)

Specifics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)

Health Check Tools

  • (DSHI Systems)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Find an Expert

  • From the National Institutes of Health
  • (Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons)

Children

Teenagers

  • (Nemours Foundation)

Patient Handouts

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