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Hemophilia

Also called: Christmas disease, Factor IX deficiency, Factor VIII deficiency

Summary

Hemophilia is a rare disorder in which the blood does not clot normally. It is usually inherited. Hemophilia usually occurs in males.

If you have hemophilia, you have little or no clotting factor. Clotting factor is a protein needed for normal blood clotting. Without it, you may bleed for a long time after an injury or accident. You also may bleed into your knees, ankles, and elbows. Bleeding in the joints causes pain and, if not treated, can lead to arthritis. Bleeding in the brain, a very serious complication of hemophilia, requires emergency treatment.

The main symptoms of hemophilia are excessive bleeding and easy bruising. Blood tests can tell if you have it. The main treatment is injecting the missing clotting factor into the bloodstream. You may need it on a regular basis, or just when bleeding occurs.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Start Here

  • (World Federation of Hemophilia)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (World Federation of Hemophilia) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Human Genome Research Institute)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) Also in

Symptoms

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)

Diagnosis and Tests

  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)

Treatments and Therapies

  • (Food and Drug Administration) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)

Living With

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)

Related Issues

  • (World Federation of Hemophilia)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)

Statistics and Research

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Find an Expert

  • (American Society of Hematology)
  • From the National Institutes of Health

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation)
  • (Nemours Foundation)

Teenagers

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in

Women

  • (World Federation of Hemophilia)

Patient Handouts

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