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Diets

Summary

If you are overweight or have obesity, losing weight can improve your health. It might also help you prevent weight-related diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis and some cancers. A healthy diet is an important part of a weight-loss program. It

  • May include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products
  • May include lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs and nuts
  • Goes easy on saturated fats, trans fat, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars

The key to losing weight is to burn more calories than you eat and drink. A diet can help you to do this through portion control. There are many different types of diets. Some, like the Mediterranean diet, describe a traditional way of eating from a specific region. Others, like the DASH diet, were designed for people who have certain health problems. But they may also help you to lose weight. There are also fad or crash diets that severely restrict calories or the types of food you are allowed to eat. They may sound promising, but they rarely lead to permanent weight loss. They also may not provide all of the nutrients your body needs.

In addition to a diet, adding exercise into your daily life can help you to lose weight.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Start Here

  • (Hormone Health Network) Also in
  • (American Heart Association)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in

Related Issues

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • (Department of Agriculture) - PDF Also in
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in
  • (American Heart Association)
  • (Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics)
  • (Federal Trade Commission) Also in

Specifics

  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • DASH Diet: FreeFacebookCredits2012 Health Topic From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in
  • (American Heart Association)
  • (Endocrine Society, Hormone Health Network)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)

Health Check Tools

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
  • (Department of Agriculture) Also in
  • (Department of Agriculture)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

Find an Expert

  • (Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics)
  • From the National Institutes of Health
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in

Teenagers

  • (Nemours Foundation)
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • (Children's Hospital Boston)
  • (Children's Hospital Boston) Also in

Patient Handouts

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