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Diabetes Type 2

Also called: Type 2 Diabetes

Summary

Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth.

You have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you are older, have obesity, have a family history of diabetes, or do not exercise. Having prediabetes also increases your risk. Prediabetes means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. If you are at risk for type 2 diabetes, you may be able to delay or prevent developing it by making some lifestyle changes.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes appear slowly. Some people do not notice symptoms at all. The symptoms can include

  • Being very thirsty
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very hungry or tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Having sores that heal slowly
  • Having blurry eyesight

Blood tests can show if you have diabetes. One type of test, the A1C, can also check on how you are managing your diabetes. Many people can manage their diabetes through healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing. Some people also need to take diabetes medicines.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Start Here

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Latest News

Symptoms

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Diagnosis and Tests

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  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
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Prevention and Risk Factors

Treatments and Therapies

Living With

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  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) - PDF
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  • Diabetic Diet: FreeFacebookCredits2012 Health Topic From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
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  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Diabetes Education Program)
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
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  • (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
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  • (American Diabetes Association)
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Related Issues

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  • Prediabetes:FreeFacebookCredits2012 Health Topic From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
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Specifics

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Genetics

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Health Check Tools

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Videos and Tutorials

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Statistics and Research

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Clinical Trials

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Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

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Find an Expert

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) - PDF
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
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Men

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Women

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Seniors

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  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Diabetes Education Program)

Patient Handouts

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