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Diabetes Type 1

Also called: Insulin-dependent diabetes, Juvenile diabetes, Type I diabetes

Summary

Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. With type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth.

Type 1 diabetes happens most often in children and young adults but can appear at any age. Symptoms may include

  • Being very thirsty
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very hungry or tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Having sores that heal slowly
  • Having dry, itchy skin
  • Losing the feeling in your feet or having tingling in your feet
  • Having blurry eyesight

A blood test can show if you have diabetes. If you do, you will need to take insulin for the rest of your life. A blood test called the A1C can check to see how well you are managing your diabetes.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Start Here

  • (UpToDate)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • (JDRF)
  • (Nemours Foundation) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in

Symptoms

  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in

Diagnosis and Tests

Treatments and Therapies

Living With

  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Diabetes Education Program) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) - PDF
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • (American Diabetes Association) - PDF
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Diabetes Education Program)
  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
  • (UpToDate)
  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in

Related Issues

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in
  • (Gluten Intolerance Group) - PDF
  • (Hormone Health Network) - PDF Also in
  • (Joint Commission) - PDF Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases) Also in
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in

Videos and Tutorials

  • Video (Nemours Foundation)

Statistics and Research

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) Also in
  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (American Diabetes Association)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Find an Expert

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) - PDF
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
  • From the National Institutes of Health

Patient Handouts

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