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Diabetes

Also called: Diabetes mellitus, DM

Summary

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems. It can damage your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke and even the need to remove a limb. Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes.

Blood tests can show if you have diabetes. One type of test, the A1C, can also check on how you are managing your diabetes. Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor your blood glucose level and take medicine if prescribed.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Start Here

  • (American Academy of Family Physicians)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Education Program) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in

Diagnosis and Tests

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in
  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)

Prevention and Risk Factors

  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Diabetes Education Program) - PDF
  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Education Program) - PDF
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Education Program) - PDF
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Education Program) - PDF
  • Easy-to-Read (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Education Program) - PDF

Treatments and Therapies

Living With

  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) - PDF
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health Video (National Diabetes Education Program)
  • Diabetic Diet: FreeFacebookCredits2012 Health Topic From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Diabetes Education Program) Also in
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in

Related Issues

  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health Easy-to-Read (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • (Food and Drug Administration) - PDF
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Kidney Disease Education Program) Also in
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
  • Prediabetes:FreeFacebookCredits2012 Health Topic From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish
  • (Joint Commission) - PDF Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF
  • (Immunization Action Coalition) - PDF

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)

Videos and Tutorials

  • Video (Nemours Foundation)

Statistics and Research

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (National Center for Health Statistics)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (World Health Organization) - PDF

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

  • (American Diabetes Association)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Find an Expert

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) - PDF
  • (American Association of Diabetes Educators)
  • From the National Institutes of Health
  • From the National Institutes of Health

Men

  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in

Women

  • (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health)
  • (American Diabetes Association) Also in
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF

Seniors

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Aging) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Education Program)
  • (AGS Foundation for Health in Aging)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Diabetes Education Program) - PDF

Patient Handouts

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