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Deep Vein Thrombosis

Also called: DVT

Summary

Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body. Most deep vein clots occur in the lower leg or thigh. If the vein swells, the condition is called thrombophlebitis. A deep vein thrombosis can break loose and cause a serious problem in the lung, called a pulmonary embolism.

Sitting still for a long time can make you more likely to get a DVT. Some medicines and disorders that increase your risk for blood clots can also lead to DVTs. Common symptoms are

  • Warmth and tenderness over the vein
  • Pain or swelling in the part of the body affected
  • Skin redness

Treatment includes medicines to ease pain and inflammation, break up clots and keep new clots from forming. Keeping the affected area raised and applying moist heat can also help. If you are taking a long car or plane trip, take a break, walk or stretch your legs and drink plenty of liquids.

Start Here

  • (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)

Diagnosis and Tests

  • (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
  • (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Also in
  • (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in
  • (American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America) Also in

Prevention and Risk Factors

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) Also in
  • (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) Also in

Treatments and Therapies

Living With

  • (Vascular Disease Foundation) - PDF
  • (American Heart Association)

Related Issues

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Also in
  • (Vascular Disease Foundation) - PDF
  • (American Heart Association) - PDF
  • (American Heart Association)
  • (American Society of Clinical Oncology)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (American Heart Association) - PDF

Specifics

  • (Vascular Disease Foundation) - PDF
  • (UpToDate)
  • (Vascular Disease Foundation) - PDF

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)

Images

Videos and Tutorials

  • Video (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)

Statistics and Research

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Reference Desk

  • (Vascular Cures)
  • (Texas Heart Institute) Also in

Find an Expert

  • (Society of Interventional Radiology)
  • From the National Institutes of Health

Women

  • Video (American Society of Hematology)

Patient Handouts

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