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Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Also called: CJD

Summary

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare, degenerative brain disorder. Symptoms usually start around age 60. Memory problems, behavior changes, vision problems, and poor muscle coordination progress quickly to dementia, coma, and death. Most patients die within a year.

The three main categories of CJD are

  • Sporadic CJD, which occurs for no known reason
  • Hereditary CJD, which runs in families
  • Acquired CJD, which occurs from contact with infected tissue, usually during a medical procedure

Cattle can get a disease related to CJD called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or "mad cow disease." There is concern that people can get a variant of CJD from eating beef from an infected animal, but there is no direct proof to support this.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Start Here

  • (Alzheimer's Association)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) - Short Summary
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)

Diagnosis and Tests

  • (American Academy of Neurology)

Related Issues

  • (Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Specifics

  • (Department of Agriculture) - PDF
  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Genetics

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Library of Medicine)

Statistics and Research

  • (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases)

Clinical Trials

  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)
  • From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health)

Journal Articles References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)

Find an Expert

  • Also in
  • From the National Institutes of Health Also in

Children

  • (Nemours Foundation)
  • (Nemours Foundation)

Teenagers

  • (Nemours Foundation)

Patient Handouts

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